Anaesthesiology is a speciality that includes basic training in Physiology, Pharmacology and Anatomy, with knowledge of Internal medicine, Paediatrics, Obstetrics, and Surgery in its different specialities.
The basic mission of the Anaesthesiology Department is to make surgery possible, caring for and protecting the patient’s life during surgery using the safest procedures. To ensure the comprehensive care of the patient during surgery, the anaesthesiologist begins with a pre-operative assessment, estimating the anaesthetic-surgical risk, pre-operative treatments and anaesthetic premedication. Using this prior knowledge of the patient, he or she will make a decision as to the most suitable type of anaesthesia, whether it be general, regional or local, combined, or sedation.
After surgery, the patient is taken to a post-anaesthesia recovery room. Sometimes, in the case of patients at risk or very significant surgeries, the patient is taken to a Post-operative Intensive Care Unit. The Anaesthesiology Intensive Care Unit also takes critical patients with other etiology; multiple trauma, bleeding, etc. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation forms part of the speciality and knowledge of the critical patient is essential for the specialist’s training.
Another responsibility of the specialist is the treatment of acute and chronic pain that does not respond to conventional treatment and/or requires special knowledge and techniques. This is basically performed in the hospitalisation units and Pain clinics.